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如何从IE中的Javascript访问XHR responseBody(用于二进制数据)?

如何从IE中的Javascript访问XHR responseBody(用于二进制数据)?

是的,我想通过IE中的XHR读取二进制数据的答案是使用VBScript注入。一开始这对我来说很令人讨厌,但是,我将其视为仅仅是一个依赖于浏览器的代码。(常规XHR和responseText在其他浏览器中可以正常工作;您可能必须使用来强制MIME类型。IEXMLHttpRequest.overrideMimeType()]上不提供此功能)。

这就是我得到的东西responseText即使在二进制数据中也可以在IE中工作的方式。首先,一次性注入一些VBScript,如下所示:

if(/msie/i.test(navigator.userAgent) && !/opera/i.test(navigator.userAgent)) {
    var IEBinaryToArray_ByteStr_Script =
    "<!-- IEBinaryToArray_ByteStr -->\r\n"+
    "<script type='text/vbscript' language='VBScript'>\r\n"+
    "Function IEBinaryToArray_ByteStr(Binary)\r\n"+
    "   IEBinaryToArray_ByteStr = CStr(Binary)\r\n"+
    "End Function\r\n"+
    "Function IEBinaryToArray_ByteStr_Last(Binary)\r\n"+
    "   Dim lastIndex\r\n"+
    "   lastIndex = LenB(Binary)\r\n"+
    "   if lastIndex mod 2 Then\r\n"+
    "       IEBinaryToArray_ByteStr_Last = Chr( AscB( MidB( Binary, lastIndex, 1 ) ) )\r\n"+
    "   Else\r\n"+
    "       IEBinaryToArray_ByteStr_Last = "+'""'+"\r\n"+
    "   End If\r\n"+
    "End Function\r\n"+
    "</script>\r\n";

    // inject VBScript
    document.write(IEBinaryToArray_ByteStr_Script);
}

我正在使用的读取二进制文件的JS类公开了一个有趣的方法readCharAt(i),该方法读取第i个索引处的字符(实际上是一个字节)。这是我的设置方式:

// see doc on http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms535874(VS.85).aspx
function getXMLHttpRequest() 
{
    if (window.XMLHttpRequest) {
        return new window.XMLHttpRequest;
    }
    else {
        try {
            return new ActiveXObject("MSXML2.XMLHTTP"); 
        }
        catch(ex) {
            return null;
        }
    }
}

// this fn is invoked if IE
function IeBinFileReaderImpl(fileURL){
    this.req = getXMLHttpRequest();
    this.req.open("GET", fileURL, true);
    this.req.setRequestHeader("Accept-Charset", "x-user-defined");
    // my helper to convert from responseBody to a "responseText" like thing
    var convertResponseBodyToText = function (binary) {
        var byteMapping = {};
        for ( var i = 0; i < 256; i++ ) {
            for ( var j = 0; j < 256; j++ ) {
                byteMapping[ String.fromCharCode( i + j * 256 ) ] =
                    String.fromCharCode(i) + String.fromCharCode(j);
            }
        }
        // call into VBScript utility fns
        var rawBytes = IEBinaryToArray_ByteStr(binary);
        var lastChr = IEBinaryToArray_ByteStr_Last(binary);
        return rawBytes.replace(/[\s\S]/g,
                                function( match ) { return byteMapping[match]; }) + lastChr;
    };

    this.req.onreadystatechange = function(event){
        if (that.req.readyState == 4) {
            that.status = "Status: " + that.req.status;
            //that.httpStatus = that.req.status;
            if (that.req.status == 200) {
                // this doesn't work
                //fileContents = that.req.responseBody.toArray();

                // this doesn't work
                //fileContents = new VBArray(that.req.responseBody).toArray();

                // this works...
                var fileContents = convertResponseBodyToText(that.req.responseBody);

                fileSize = fileContents.length-1;
                if(that.fileSize < 0) throwException(_exception.FileLoadFailed);
                that.readByteAt = function(i){
                    return fileContents.charCodeAt(i) & 0xff;
                };
            }
            if (typeof callback == "function"){ callback(that);}
        }
    };
    this.req.send();
}

// this fn is invoked if non IE
function NormalBinFileReaderImpl(fileURL){
    this.req = new XMLHttpRequest();
    this.req.open('GET', fileURL, true);
    this.req.onreadystatechange = function(aEvt) {
        if (that.req.readyState == 4) {
            if(that.req.status == 200){
                var fileContents = that.req.responseText;
                fileSize = fileContents.length;

                that.readByteAt = function(i){
                    return fileContents.charCodeAt(i) & 0xff;
                }
                if (typeof callback == "function"){ callback(that);}
            }
            else
                throwException(_exception.FileLoadFailed);
        }
    };
    //XHR binary charset opt by Marcus Granado 2006 [http://mgran.blogspot.com] 
    this.req.overrideMimeType('text/plain; charset=x-user-defined');
    this.req.send(null);
}

转换码被提供Miskun。

效果很好。

我使用此方法从Javascript读取和提取zip文件,并且还在使用Javascript读取和显示EPUB文件的类中使用了该方法性能非常合理。500kb文件大约需要半秒钟。

javascript 2022/1/1 18:17:54 有403人围观

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